Tyler Heston reviews K. David Harrison’s acclaimed book, “The Last Speakers”

Harrison Last Speakers coverIn Language Documentation & Conservation Volume 8 (2014), pp. 113-118, Tyler Heston reviews K. David Harrison’s acclaimed book, “The Last Speakers”:

The Last Speakers is a highly personal look at language documentation, language endangerment, and language extinction. The book focuses on the experiences of individual speakers of highly endangered languages and the author’s own experiences as a linguist working with them. While aimed primarily at non-linguists, his engaging style, detailed examples, and colorful anecdotes make this a book that can be enjoyed by linguists and non-linguists alike.

Harrison’s work fulfills an important niche in the literature by not only discussing the need for documentation on a global level, but also by demonstrating the effects of endangerment on individual people and communities around the world. This juxtaposition of the local and global scales is one of the strong points of the work that sets it apart. The discussion of the global level sets the issues in context, while the individual stories exemplify the effects of endangerment on a personal level around the world.”

Download the full review by Tyler Heston here.
Read the rest of Language Documentation & Conservation Vol.8.
Order The Last Speakers on Amazon
Enjoy!
 

K. David Harrison at the University of Montana

On Wednesday, 17 April, Mizuki Miyashita of the UM Linguistics Program hosted a series of events with Dr. K. David Harrison, an Associate Professor of Linguistics at Swarthmore College and a National Geographic fellow. Two days before Dr. Harrison’s visit, there was a viewing of the documentary “The Linguists” (in which Dr. Harrison is featured). At Q&A event following the film, Dr. Harrison updated his audience on his most recent projects: Enduring Voices, jointly ventured at National Geographic, and Talking Dictionaries at the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages.

Dr. Harrison’s public lecture, “Endangered Languages: Local and Global Perspectives,” was very well-attended, and every copy of his book “When Languages Die” was purchased at the book-signing. Dr. Harrison explains that out of approximately 7,000 world languages, 83 are spoken by 80% of the world’s population, and the rest by indigenous or small language communities around the globe in regions which he calls “Language Hotspots.” For example, the Ös language (also known as Chulym) of the remotest regions of Siberia is currently spoken by only 7 people. Dr. Harrison has made the very first recordings of some of these languages. In some cases, these recordings are of the last speaker’s speech. For instance, one of his Talking Dictionaries is of the Siletz Dee-Ni language in Oregon, currently spoken by only one person. Harrison describes how language death eventually leads to intellectual impoverishment in all fields of science and culture. These endangered languages contain “traditional knowledge” of plants, animal species, ecosystems and medicinal remedies. Sometimes language loss translates to the loss of worldviews.

At his talk, he also discussed efforts to sustain, value and revitalize linguistic diversity worldwide and showed the audience original field materials and recordings of “language warriors” to illustrate local perspectives on language endangerment and extinction. As Dr. Harrison stated, “speakers generally love their languages, and want to keep them.” One of the video clips Harrison shared was of a young man singing a hip hop song in Aka (spoken in Northeastern India). Some Aka elders disapprove of the language being used in this way, but according to Harrison these young speakers are a “key to keeping the language.”

About half of world’s languages are predicted to become extinct in this century, including Native American languages of Montana. This event also raised an awareness of endangered indigenous knowledge encoded in languages of Montana, and brought together a diverse group of people: faculty and students of Linguistics, Anthropology, Native American Studies, Communication Studies, Environmental Studies and Music, as well as members of local Indigenous communities including Salish, Kootenai and Blackfeet.

The event was supported by the Office of the Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, Department of Anthropology, Department of Environmental Studies, Department of Communication Studies, and Department of Native American Studies, Department of Society and Conservation in the College of Forestry and Conservation, Green Thread, the UM Linguistics Club, and the Linguistics Program.

Here are some photos from K. David Harrison’s trip:

ImageDr. Harrison at the University of Montana.

ImageK. David Harrison with Salish tribal linguists Germaine White and Tom Smith.

For more details about his lecture at the University of Montana, check out this article published in the Missoulian. Thanks for reading!

Harrison’s “The Last Speakers” published in Japanese

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K. David Harrison’s acclaimed book “The Last Speakers” was recently translated into Japanese and published in Japan, which is home to nearly a million speakers of a dozen endangered languages, such as Ainu, Amami, Kunigami, Miyako, and others.

He was interviewed by National Geographic News Watch about the book:

Q: What do you hope will be the results of having this new translation available?

A: The Last Speakers features personal narratives of “language warriors” from around the world, who are taking heroic measures to save their languages. I hope that the endangered language communities and allies in Japan will find these stories inspiring, and know that they are not alone in their efforts, but are part of a global grassroots movement to save language diversity.

To read the rest of the interview, click right here.